Sheffield Residential Historic District

Dublin Core


Sheffield Residential Historic District


Colbert County, Alabama; Sheffield, Alabama; Sheffield Residential Historic District; Architecture; National Register of Historic Places


Covering 160 acres and encompassing 678 properties, the Sheffield Residential Historic District reflects development in the city of Sheffield from its establishment in 1883 through the mid-20th-century. Like the Colbert County Courthouse Square District in neighboring Tuscumbia, significant properties in the Sheffield historic district include both commercial and residential buildings, as well as a number of churches.

Alfred Moses, a banker from Montgomery and founder of the Sheffield Land, Iron and Coal Company, designed the city's original street plan. This, along with the construction of docks and landings along the Tennessee River, opened the door for the entry of other businesses and industries into the area. After the Panic of 1893 devastated the Shoals economy, the Southern Railway Company established its headquarters in Sheffield, initiating a second wave of economic development. Following the construction of Wilson Dam and a pair of nitrate manufacturing plants in 1916, a number of apartment complexes sprung up in Sheffield, along with several Bungalow and Colonial-Revival-style houses.

The Sheffield Residential Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.


Brian Corrigan, University of North Alabama


National Register of Historic Places, Sheffield Residential Historic District, Sheffield, Colbert County, Alabama, National Register #02000481.


Alabama Cultural Resource Survey


November 12, 2015


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