Prehistoric Native Americans / Historic Native Americans Marker

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Prehistoric Native Americans / Historic Native Americans Marker


Historic Markers; Florence, AL; Lauderdale County, AL


This historic marker is located in McFarland Park next to the Tennessee River on McFarland Park Road, Florence, Alabama.

The text on side one reads: "This area near the mouth of Cypress Creek was inhabited by Archaic People as early as 8,000 B.C. Their main food consisted of freshwater mollusks from the river. (These mussels were the origin of the name "Muscle Shoals.")

The Woodland and Copena Cultures, associated with the nearby large Florence Mound, arrived around 2,000 B.C. and remained almost 3,000 years. About 800 A.D. the Mississippian Civilization established villages here and on adjoining islands.

Many of the Indian mounds in the Tennessee Valley were built by them."

Side two reads: "For almost 300 years this area was the home of people known as Historic Indians. the first were the Euchees from the Great Lakes area. They were soon ousted by the Shawnees from the Ohio River. The Shawnee were evicted in 1715 A.D. by the Cherokees and Chickasaws. The Cherokees signed away their rights to this area in 1806. The Chickasaws held their claim until the Treaty of 1816.

In the Summer of 1787, a skirmish occurred nearby between a party of Creeks and a company of militia from Nashville. The Creek Chief Bigfoot was killed."


Dylan Tucker, University of North Alabama


“Prehistoric Native Americans/Historic Native Americans Marker”. Accessed 11/04/2015.


Alabama Cultural Resource Survey